Jain, Weiss Publish on Esophageal Cancer

The Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology published a review article, “Neoadjuvant and Adjuvant Therapy in Esophageal Cancer” by University of Illinois Cancer Center member Shikha Jain, MD, and Jennifer A. Weiss, MD, a former Hematology and Medical Oncology fellow at the University of Illinois Chicago and now at Loyola Medicine. 

Read the full article here and the abstract is below.

Esophageal Cancer Article Abstract

Esophageal cancer is an aggressive malignancy that carries a high mortality rate. The treatment of locally advanced resectable esophageal cancer requires a multimodal approach involving chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgical resection. Optimal treatment combinations and sequences for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) versus adenocarcinoma (AC) histological subtypes are still being determined. For very early stage esophageal cancers, endoscopic therapies or surgical resection without chemotherapy and radiation are preferred. Neoadjuvant chemoradiation followed by surgical resection has been the standard in locally advanced resectable esophageal cancer based on the landmark CROSS trial. Definitive chemoradiation is recommended for patients who are not surgical candidates or decline surgery. Perioperative chemotherapy without radiation can be considered for lower esophageal AC and gastroesophageal (GE)-junction AC based on landmark MAGIC and FLOT4 trials. Additional trials are underway to compare preoperative chemoradiation to perioperative chemotherapy in esophageal and GE-junction ACs. Thus far, targeted therapies against vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) have not been successful in the neoadjuvant/adjuvant setting. The roll of immunotherapy in perioperative/adjuvant setting is promising. Based on the CheckMate 577 trial, adjuvant nivolumab should be considered for all patients following neoadjuvant chemoradiation and R0 resection with residual pathologic disease. Additional trials involving various immunotherapy agents are underway.”

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